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https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.00443.pdf OptNet: Differentiable Optimization as a Layer in Neural Networks

We build a framework where the output of the i + 1th layer in a network is the solution to a constrained optimization problem based upon previous layers.

A network architecture that integrates optimization problems (here, specifically in the form of quadratic programs) as individual layers in larger end-to-end trainable deep networks. These layers allow complex dependencies between the hidden states to be captured that traditional convolutional and fully-connected layers are not able to capture.

https://arxiv.org/abs/1703.05002v2 Zero-Shot Recognition using Dual Visual-Semantic Mapping Paths

Zero-shot recognition aims to accurately recognize objects of unseen classes by using a shared visual-semantic mapping between the image feature space and the semantic embedding space. This mapping is learned on training data of seen classes and is expected to have transfer ability to unseen classes. In this paper, we tackle this problem by exploiting the intrinsic relationship between the semantic space manifold and the transfer ability of visual-semantic mapping. We formalize their connection and cast zero-shot recognition as a joint optimization problem. Motivated by this, we propose a novel framework for zero-shot recognition, which contains dual visual-semantic mapping paths. Our analysis shows this framework can not only apply prior semantic knowledge to infer underlying semantic manifold in the image feature space, but also generate optimized semantic embedding space, which can enhance the transfer ability of the visual-semantic mapping to unseen classes. The proposed method is evaluated for zero-shot recognition on four benchmark datasets, achieving outstanding results.

https://research.googleblog.com/2017/04/federated-learning-collaborative.html?m=1 Federated Learning: Collaborative Machine Learning without Centralized Training Data

Federated Learning enables mobile phones to collaboratively learn a shared prediction model while keeping all the training data on device, decoupling the ability to do machine learning from the need to store the data in the cloud. This goes beyond the use of local models that make predictions on mobile devices (like the Mobile Vision API and On-Device Smart Reply) by bringing model training to the device as well.